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TECH: Telehealth, Medical Care for You 24/7 & 365 Days a Year
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Telehealth

Medical Care for You 24/7 & 365 Days a Year

BT 201709 TECH 07
      自从英国科学家蒂姆•伯纳斯•李发明了第一个互联网——万维网以来,人类的生活就开始和网络技术息息相关。如今我们周遭的一切生活琐事几乎都要靠网络才能实现。然而有一件事在现阶段依然不是上上网就能解决的,那就是看病。大家都说看病难、看病贵。看病排队排号的问题一直是让很多患者家属吃不消的事。如果有一天,我们不用出门在家里就能看医生,那就好了。

      这样的“美梦”其实早就已经实现了,只是目前在我国大多数地区尚未普及。这种技术,叫做远程医疗,它是指通过计算机技术,以遥感、遥测、遥控技术为依托,充分发挥大医院或专科医疗中心的医疗技术和医疗设备优势,对一些病人,尤其是对医疗条件较差的边远地区、海岛或舰船上的伤病员进行远距离诊断、治疗和咨询的医疗技术。在国外,这一技术已经走过了40余年的发展历程:上世纪50年代末,美国学者Wittson首先将双向电视系统用于医疗;同年,Jutra等人创立了远程放射医学。此后,美国相继不断有人利用通讯和电子技术进行医学活动,美国未来学家阿尔文•托夫功甚至预言:“未来医疗活动中,医生将面对计算机,根据屏幕显示的从远方传来的病人的各种信息对病人进行诊断和治疗”,而这种局面已经到来。

      远程医疗好处多多,首先他拉近了病患和医生的距离。对于偏远地区的人们而言如此便捷的看病方式真的是省时省力。其次,系统中丰富的电子化的病例也可以帮助医生迅速了解患者状况。与此同时,患者本人也更加清楚自身病情,可以更积极地参与到对自己的治疗之中。另外,远征医疗所使用的仪器会安装在患者家中,可以帮助了解和记录患者的情况。

      对远程医疗的质疑声从未停止,但是科技发展的脚步不会停下。相信未来的医疗手段将更加健全完善。

BT 201709 TECH 01
Science has progressed by leaps and bounds. Technology is at par. Today you can take the benefit of technology from any corner of the world. Technology has made it feasible to avail all health related services, thanks to telehealth.
 

What is Telehealth?

BT 201709 TECH 02
Telehealth is termed as the exchange of crucial data between the patient who is sitting at his or her home and the clinicians who are located far away from them. This helps the clinicians to assist in the diagnosis of the disease and monitoring the patients who might be suffering from a long term medical condition. Disease that can be monitored by the use of this technological service includes COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), Epilepsy, Diabetes and CHF (Chronic Heart Failure).
 

Other areas where the patient and the clinician can take advantage of Telehealth include:

- Physical and occupational therapy
- Chronic disease monitoring and management
- Dentistry
- Home health
- Disaster management
- Consumer and professional education
- Counseling
- Defining Telehealth in Policy


It can be said that via Telehealth, a person can take charge of his/her own health. This service allows the patient to monitor his/her health by using mobile or fixed home units. A patient can easily monitor blood pressure, temperature and other vital statistics that are important for clinical review. This especially helps when the patient is at any remote location and cannot access direct treatment. In this case he/she can contact the doctor using wireless technology or phone lines.


Telehealth service incorporates the use of various technologies to offer virtual medical, health as well as education services to patients.
 

Telehealth: The Growing Trend

BT 201709 TECH 05
Numerous benefits offered by this technological intervention have opened many new horizons for patients as well as health care providers. More and more health care providers are beginning to trust this service to their patients and patients are actively taking the Telehealth package.
 

With the use of Telehealth services, the patient becomes his/her care taker and imparts important information to the Telehealth monitoring center or the health care professional via broadband or phone lines. Continuous flow of critical data helps the patient to stay in normal state and receive the required medical attention before he or she slips into a critical condition.
 

The moment the clinician sees any vital sign beyond the normal limit, he can offer an appropriate response before the condition of the patient aggravates.
 

Telehealth service is tailored for individual patients according to their medical needs. Patients are offered service packages according to their condition. As already mentioned, the patient is given a mobile or a fixed home unit to monitor his/her condition.
 

Benefits of Telehealth

BT 201709 TECH 08Telehealth service benefits people at both the ends of the spectrum. Both clinicians as well as the patients can derive a lot of advantage from this service.
 

The biggest benefit that the patient has is that he becomes his own healthcare in-charge and this helps him to develop a better understanding of his long term medical condition.
 

For clinicians, Telehealth offers a great advantage as it gives them a chance to get actively involved in the journey of well-being of a patient. The care pathway needs clinicians to actively participate in the whole process and so the clinicians find themselves assisting the patients in every step through timely interventions. They also help in improving the quality of life of the patient.
 

Telehealth Modalities

There are four distinct applications of Telehealth. They are:

Live Video (Synchronous)

BT 201709 TECH 09
In this, the patient, caregiver or the care provider can interact with the service provider directly via live, two- way interaction through audiovisual telecommunication.
 

Store And Forward (Asynchronous)

BT 201709 TECH 10
Here recorded health history (digital images like photos, x- rays or recorded videos) is exchanged via secure electronic communication systems. The specialist then evaluates the provided information.
 

Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM)

BT 201709 TECH 11
In this medical or personal health data is taken from an individual at one location using electronic communication technology and then it is transmitted to the provider in another location for use in care or support.
 

Mobile Health (mHealth)

BT 201709 TECH 12
This aspect involves the use of healthcare, public health practice as well as education using mobile communication devices like cell phones, PDAs and tablets.
 

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