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TRAVEL: Mombasa
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Mombasa
A City Beyond Beaches

By Nikita Jaeger

BT 202001 TRAVEL 08Mombasa is the largest port and is the second most famous city in Kenya. Located on the eastern coastline of Kenya bordering the Indian Ocean, it is a city where you can find the exotic traditional life go hand in glove with the modern flare. Mombasa is an important tourist centre and cultural hub, well known for its beaches, wildlife, and historical locations. On the cultural side, the people are conservative, but drawn from various religions and ethnic backgrounds. Apart from the beaches, you can find a lot of exciting places to explore in and around Mombasa that can make your journey a memorable one throughout life.

蒙巴萨是肯尼亚最大的海港和第二大的城市,位于肯尼亚东海岸线,连接印度洋。蒙巴萨是重要的旅游和文化中心。因海滩,野生动物和本土历史文化而闻名于世。除了美丽的海滩,你还可以在这里找到很多令你一生难忘的地方。

How to reach Mombasa

BT 202001 TRAVEL 06Mombasa has relatively good connectivity by flight, train, and road service. Therefore, tourists from all over the world would find it is easy to reach there, without much hassle.

By Flight

Flight connectivity from most of the European airports to Mombasa is excellent. Tourists can disembark at Moi International Airport, the international airport for Mombasa, which is 13 km away from the city. From there, it is easy to move to Mombasa by road. Another easy way to reach Mombasa is to fly to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi, and from there, it is easy to reach Mombasa by road or train.

By Road

Tourists can drive from Nairobi to the central city; however, due to the long journey, it is better to rent a taxi than self-driving.

By Train

For tourists who wish to travel to Mombasa by train, they can board from Nairobi. From Nairobi, the train service offers two trips to Mombasa. The new train service is much faster than the old service, and it takes only 6 hours, instead of the past 13 hours. The Railway station is 15 kilometres far from the main city.

Local transport within Mombasa

For traveling within the city, you can either use mini busses, rickshaws, or tuk-tuks. The range of their charges will be between KSh50 to KSh200.

蒙巴萨飞机,火车和公路交通都非常发达,非常容易达到。

空中交通

从欧洲大多数机场都有到蒙巴萨的航班。Moi国际机场是蒙巴萨的国际机场,距离市区13公里。

公路交通

游客可以从内罗毕的乔莫•肯雅塔国际机场开车到蒙巴萨市中心。路途比较远,出租车比自驾更安全。

搭乘火车

可以在内罗毕上车。从内罗毕出发,火车前往蒙巴萨,仅需6个小时,火车站距城市15公里。

Visa facilities

BT 202001 TRAVEL 09Almost all tourists required a visa to visit Mombasa, except for a few countries that are falling under exempted categories. Exempted countries are mostly from the African continent and Malaysia, which enjoys an exemption for less than 30 days stay.

Many citizens can get visas on arrival, except people from Cameroon, Afghanistan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Iraq, Somalia, Tajikistan, Armenia, Syria, Palestine, Libya, etc. Tourists can also apply for a visa from their respective embassies other than the e-visa. Visa on arrival will cost $50/head at the arrival airport, and children below the age of 16 do not require a visa if traveling along with an adult. The passport also should have 6 months’ validity and at least 2 blank pages for visa stamping. A single-entry visa is valid for 90 days.

签证办理

几乎所有的游客都需要签证才能访问蒙巴萨,只有少数几个国家属于免签。游客可以在抵达时获得签证。抵达机场的签证费用为每人50美元,而16岁以下的儿童与成人同行不需要签证。

Important places to visit in Mombasa

Haller Park

The Haller Park is a standing icon of human effort to convert a barren unused lime quarry into a beautiful animal sanctuary with a diverse ecosystem. It was previously known as Bamburi Nature Trail and later named after Dr Rene Haller as a token of gratitude for his effort to convert the abandoned limestone quarries into a wildlife sanctuary.

Today, the Park has various sections like Reptile Park, Game Sanctuary, Fish Farm, Crocodile pens, Giraffe viewing platform, and many other attractions. The Park is also home for about 160 species of birds like eagles, cranes, kingfisher, weaver birds, sandpipers, etc. In the wildlife section, some of the important species include zebras, hippos, 130-year-old tortoise, cape buffalo, and monkeys. It is an attractive destination for animal lovers.

Location: On Mombasa Malindi Road, Mombasa.

BT 202001 TRAVEL 01哈勒公园

哈勒公园始于1971年,当时René Haller博士将这里废弃的石灰石采石场改造成了一片繁荣的自然保护区。哈勒博士增加了土壤中的矿物质含量,种植了树木,增加了一个养鱼场,并创建了一个野生动物园,每个动物都在蓬勃发展的生态系统中发挥作用。

地点:蒙巴萨蒙巴萨马林迪路。

Fort Jesus

It is one of the famous tourist attractions in Mombasa, built by the Portuguese between 1593 and 1596, to protect the Port of Mombasa. In the year 2011, it has become a UNESCO World Heritage protected site, which showcases the 16th-century Portuguese architectural skills. The construction of the port is a blend of Portuguese and local technology by using a lime mortar and coral stones.

The port changed hands several times and was finally controlled by the British, and they used it as a prison garrison in 1895. Presently the port has been converted into a museum and exhibits many ceramic and pottery collections reflecting the cultural influences of Mombasa. The rampart of the port offers a lavish view of the Mombasa port.

Location: Mombasa coastal line, opening hours: 8 am to 6 pm daily.

BT 202001 TRAVEL 02 2耶稣堡

耶稣堡由葡萄牙人建成,是联合国教科文组织世界遗产,也是蒙巴萨的主要旅游景点之一。意大利建筑师Cairati设计了这座建筑,这是世界上最好的16世纪葡萄牙军事建筑之一。堡垒在1631年到1875年之间易手九次,最后与英国人休息。虽然部分毁了,但耶稣堡还有一座博物馆建在前军营的军营上。展品包括大量陶瓷和陶器,反映了沿海交易的各种文化。

地点:蒙巴萨沿海线,开放时间:每天上午8点至下午6点。

North Coast Beaches

It is one of the lively beaches in Mombasa lined with coconut palm trees and located very close to the airport. The tourists can engage in a variety of aquatic sports and entertainments, which makes it very livelier than many beaches in Mombasa. The Nyali Bridge opens its door to the North coast beach from the mainland and offers a splendid view as far as the eye can see. The magnificent view of the stunning coral reef under the sparkling blue waters is a hilarious experience to enjoy. A trip to the North Coast Beaches, worth enough for wreck diving on MV Dania and reef diving.

Location: North Coast Beach, timing: open throughout the year, free entrance.

BT 202001 TRAVEL 03北海岸海滩

蒙巴萨北部的海岸线比南部海岸更加活跃,度假村更靠近机场和蒙巴萨市。棕榈树成荫的海滩,清澈的海水,珊瑚礁以及丰富的水上运动,度假村和娱乐场所提供了大量的旅游活动。

时间:全年开放,免费入场。

Marine National Park, Mombasa

Located between Mtwapa and Tudor Creeks, Mombasa Marine National Park is a fantastic spot for diving, snorkelling, windsurfing, and water skiing. The enthralling beauty of the Marine National Park gets further elevated by the warm azure ocean, pristine white sand beaches, and swaying coconut trees.

The Park is a habitat for marine creatures like turtles, crabs, stonefish, starfish, corals, cucumbers sea urchins, seagrasses, migratory birds and many other species. Spread over 10 square kilometres, it is one of the busiest marine parks in Kenya. Tourists will have the option to watch the marine life from a glass-bottom boat if they don’t wish to dive and also can go for MV Dania wreck dive.

Location: Nyali Highway in Mombasa, opening hours: Monday to Friday 24 hours and weekend days remain closed.

BT 202001 TRAVEL 04蒙巴萨海洋国家公园

蒙巴萨海洋国家公园是肯尼亚最繁忙的海上保护区之一,保护着红树林,海草床,沙滩和珊瑚礁。潜水和浮潜是受欢迎的活动 - 尤其是蒙巴萨北部,从Mtwapa Creek南部到Likoni入口。海马,黄貂鱼和鳗鱼是居住在保护区内的海洋生物之一,MV Dania是一个受欢迎的沉船潜水。

地点:蒙巴萨的Nyali高速公路,周一至周五的开放时间为24小时,周末关闭。

Visiting the Old Town

The Old Town behold the beauty of Asian, Arabian, and European architectural brilliance is one of the best things you can experience here. Located very close to Port Jesus, the Old Town possesses the richness of ancient life. Many of the buildings still adorned with stylish ornated ancient carvings on the doors and balconies that reflects the glory of yesteryears. It is an ideal market to collect souvenirs and antiques. Stroll on the streets; it will be a pleasant experience to immerse in the traditional trading activities. The Old Town is a city of settlers from Asia, Raba, British, and Portuguese spread over 72 hectares.

Location: South-East side of Mombasa, near to Tudor Creek.

BT 202001 TRAVEL 05参观老城

老城许多建筑物的门和阳台上仍然装饰着时尚的华丽古代雕刻,反映了昔日的辉煌。这里是收集纪念品和古董的理想之地。

地点:蒙巴萨的东南侧,靠近都铎河。

Conclusion

BT 202001 TRAVEL 10Mombasa holds everything that can satiate the thirst of a tourist, a cultural hub with captivating natural beauty blessed with white sandy beaches and swaying coconut palms on the bank of the Indian Ocean. The blue and white city of Kenya is known for its trading cycle with a history of 3,000 years, and the cultural influences are visible in every part of the life here. The cultural influences are very much evident in buildings and structures. If you are a backpacker, it will be an excellent experience for you to walk through the city and explore the unexplored regions of it.

蒙巴萨拥有可以满足你的一切,这里是一个历史悠久的文化枢纽。

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