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​China issues new guidelines for face mask wearing amid Delta outbreak
Published on: 2021-08-16
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On Friday, China's National Health Commission issued revised guidelines, requiring the public to wear face masks in not only indoor venues and public transport, but also in crowded outdoor areas.
 

"The public...has become less aware of Covid-19 prevention as the pandemic drags on. Some think they do not have to wear a mask after getting vaccinated -- leading to loopholes in epidemic prevention and personal protection," the National Health Commission said on Friday.
 

China's updated guidelines state that the general public should now wear masks in shopping malls, supermarkets, cinemas, exhibition halls and airports, as well as all public transports and elevators. Mask is now also required in crowded outdoor areas, such as public squares and parks.
 

Previous guidelines, issued in May last year, did not require mask wearing for outdoor areas, or uncrowded indoor spaces with good ventilation.
 

The new guidelines also tightened mask requirements for key professional groups considered at a higher risk of catching the virus, including those dealing with overseas personnel and goods, medical workers as well as cleaners, security guards and drivers working at ports, airports, customs and hospitals.
 

In separate guidelines issued Friday, the National Health Commission included Mahjong parlors, gyms, milk tea stores and tutoring institutions in its expanded list of "key venues" for epidemic prevention and control.
 

所有人,国家对戴口罩有新要求

针对当前疫情防控形势和人群流行特征,国家卫生健康委会同有关部门对戴口罩指引和重点场所重点单位重点人群防护指南进行了修订,形成了《公众和重点职业人群戴口罩指引(2021年8月版)》和《重点场所重点单位重点人群新冠肺炎疫情常态化防控相关防护指南(2021年8月版)》现就有关问题解答如下。
 

公众戴口罩有什么最新要求?

对普通公众来说,除了在密闭场所需要戴口罩外,当处于人员密集的露天广场、剧场和公园等室外场所时,也需要佩戴口罩。另外,我们建议公众家里日常备用一些高级别口罩,当家人出现了鼻咽不适、咳嗽、打喷嚏和发热等症状,到医院就诊的时候,佩戴更高级别的口罩,保护自己,保护他人,全面防范传播风险。
 

新的戴口罩指引中,重点职业人群包括哪些,戴口罩有什么新要求?

新版戴口罩指引中,重点职业人群主要涉及境外输入和污染传播高风险岗位、医疗机构工作人员和公共场所服务人员等三类人群。
 

第一类是境外输入和污染传播高风险岗位人员,特别强调境外冷链食品、交通运输相关的海关工作人员和保洁员、搬运员、司机等岗位强化防护,工作期间全程佩戴颗粒物防护口罩,防范经物、经环境、经人的传播风险。
 

第二类是医疗机构工作人员,除医务人员、直接接触病人或感染者岗位工作人员重点防护以外,接触潜在污染物的人员,比如保洁员、护工、水暖工、化验室工作人员等佩戴颗粒物防护口罩,医院其他工作人员,比如保安、导医等佩戴医用外科口罩或更高防护级别口罩。
 

第三类是公共场所服务人员,比如乘务员、警察、快递员等,以前要求佩戴一次性医用口罩,这次修订进行了提级强化,要求工作期间佩戴医用外科口罩或更高防护级别口罩。
 

公众日常佩戴口罩有什么注意事项?

口罩的正确使用、储存和清洁是保持其有效性的关键。公众日常要注意以下事项:
 

一是正确佩戴口罩,确保口罩盖住口鼻和下巴,鼻夹要压实;
 

二是口罩出现脏污、变形、损坏、异味时需及时更换,每个口罩累计佩戴时间不超过8小时;
 

三是在跨地区公共交通工具上,或医院等环境使用过的口罩不建议重复使用;
 

四是需重复使用的口罩在不使用时宜悬挂于清洁、干燥、通风处;
 

五是戴口罩期间如出现憋闷、气短等不适,应立即前往空旷通风处摘除口罩;
 

六是外出要携带备用口罩,存放在原包装袋或干净的存放袋中,避免挤压变形,废弃口罩归为其他垃圾处理。

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