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China unveils census data, 1.41 billion people, population growth closer to zero
Published on: 2021-05-11
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After a month-long delay, the results of China’s once-a-decade population census released on Tuesday.
 

There were 1.412 billion people in China last year, the National Bureau of Statistics said Tuesday in Beijing in its once-a-decade census report. In 2017, the government forecast a population of 1.42 billion by 2020, peaking at 1.45 billion in 2030. The annual average growth of 0.53% in the past decade was the slowest since 1953.
 

China’s population growth has been slowing for decades as a combination of rising incomes and a restrictive one-child policy reduced births in the world’s most populous nation. The possibility of a declining population in coming years -- the first time since the early 1960s -- would mark a key milestone for the country and have broad implications for economic growth prospects and government finances.
 

The government didn’t disclose birth figures in the census. According to separate data in February, the number of registered births declined by almost 15% in 2020 from the previous year.
 

The share of the working-age population -- those between ages of 15 and 59 -- slumped to 63.4% in 2020 from more than 70% a decade ago, according to the census. Residents aged 60 and above accounted for 18.7% of the population in 2020, up from 13.3% in 2010.
 

The urbanization momentum continued, with 63.9% of China’s population living in cities last year, up from 49.7% in 2010. That puts the country on track to meet the target of making 65% of the population urban residents by 2025.
 

第七次全国人口普查数据公布:全国人口共141178万人 年平均增长率0.53%

今天上午,国新办举行新闻发布会公布第七次全国人口普查主要数据结果。全国人口共141178万人,与2010年(第六次全国人口普查数据,下同)的133972万人相比,增加7206万人,增长5.38%,年平均增长率为0.53%,比2000年到2010年的年平均增长率0.57%下降0.04个百分点。数据表明,我国人口10年来继续保持低速增长态势。
 

户别人口。全国共有家庭户49416万户,家庭户人口为129281万人;集体户2853万户,集体户人口为11897万人。平均每个家庭户的人口为2.62人,比2010年的3.10人减少0.48人。家庭户规模继续缩小,主要是受我国人口流动日趋频繁和住房条件改善年轻人婚后独立居住等因素的影响。
 

性别构成。男性人口为72334万人,占51.24%;女性人口为68844万人,占48.76%。总人口性别比(以女性为100,男性对女性的比例)为105.07,与2010年基本持平,略有降低。出生人口性别比为111.3,较2010年下降6.8。我国人口的性别结构持续改善。
 

年龄构成。0-14岁人口为25338万人,占17.95%;15-59岁人口为89438万人,占63.35%;60岁及以上人口为26402万人,占18.70%(其中,65岁及以上人口为19064万人,占13.50%)。与2010年相比,0-14岁、15-59岁、60岁及以上人口的比重分别上升1.35个百分点、下降6.7个百分点,上升5.44个百分点。我国少儿人口比重回升,生育政策调整取得了积极成效。同时,人口老龄化程度进一步加深,未来一段时期将持续面临人口长期均衡发展的压力。

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