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Divorce rate falls 50% after cooling-off period introduced
Published on: 2021-08-06
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The number of registered divorces in China plummeted by some 50% in the first half of 2021, following the introduction of a new cooling-off period policy at the beginning of the year, official data showed.
 

Only 966,000 couples registered for a divorce in the first six months, according to statistics released by China’s Ministry of Civil Affairs.
 

The number was 2.03 million in the same period of 2019 before the COVID-19 pandemic; the data for the first half of 2020 has not yet been released.
 

Populous provinces Henan, Sichuan, Jiangsu, and Shandong ranked highest in terms of divorce numbers. In Henan, more than 70,000 couples registered for divorce in the first six months.
 

The cooling-off period policy came into effect from January 1. It requires couples to wait a month after reaching a settlement and then go together to collect their divorce certificates. This is a key element that has led to the drop in divorces, media outlet Yicai quoted demographer Dong Yuzheng as saying on Thursday.
 

The population of marriageable age has declined in recent years, which also to some extent caused the decrease in divorces, Dong said.
 

离婚冷静期实施后全国上半年离婚人数减少5成

今年上半年,全国结婚登记人数为416.6万对,离婚登记人数为96.6万对。 2020年全年离婚登记是373.3万对,按一半算是186.5万对,是今年上半年数据的1.93倍;2019年上半年离婚登记是203.8万对。无论从哪组数据看,今年上半年离婚登记人数的降幅都达到了五成左右。
 

离婚人数下降,有多方面原因,其中一个关键因素是离婚冷静期制度的实施。
 

为贯彻2021年1月1日起施行的《中华人民共和国民法典》离婚冷静期制度,民政部对婚姻登记程序进行调整,在离婚程序中增加“离婚冷静期”。自离婚冷静期届满后三十日内,双方未共同到婚姻登记机关申请发给离婚证的,视为撤回离婚登记申请。
 

关于离婚冷静期制度对离婚的影响,专家分析称,还需要看全年的数据,时间放长一些,才会更加全面准确。因为这个制度今年刚实施,很多人可能还不太了解。现在全社会提倡建设新型婚育文化,离婚冷静期就是新型婚育文化的一个制度设计。
 

另一方面,近年来总的适龄婚育人口在下降,结婚人数也在持续下降。其中,离婚人数减少也和这个背景因素有关。
 

此外,过去在部分大城市出现不少为了规避住房限购、汽车限牌而“假离婚”的现象。但现如今这样的通道已经逐渐被堵死,因此离婚人数也在减少。

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