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China adds depression screening for students
Published on: 2021-11-11
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China has been enhancing work on prevention and treatment of depression among students, with recent efforts including screening of the illness during students' heath checks, the Ministry of Education has said.
 

The ministry's statement was a response to a proposal on depression prevention and treatment among teenagers put forth by the13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, China's top political advisory body, during its fourth plenary session from March 4 to 10 this year.
 

Wang Feng, director of the Student Development Research Center of the General Education Institute of the Shanghai Academy of Educational Sciences, said all schools in Shanghai have either part-time or full-time psychological teachers to deliver mental health classes, such as how to handle foul emotions, and psychological counselling services.
 

Meanwhile, students' mental health conditions are tracked.
 

"When students are enrolled into a new school, they are usually asked to go through some small quizzes to see if they suffer from depression," he said. "If some students show signs of mental disorder, psychological teachers and other experienced teachers communicate with the students to make further assessment."
 

"For children with obvious symptoms of depression, we contact their families and recommend them to seek professional diagnosis and treatment at mental health hospitals," Wang added.
 

"We also recommend mental health hotlines, such as 962525 and 12355, for students to seek help if they have emotional problems."
 

将抑郁症筛查纳入学生健康体检

中国教育部日前对全国政协《关于进一步落实青少年抑郁症防治措施的提案》进行了答复,其中明确将抑郁症筛查纳入学生健康体检内容。
 

教育部指出,对青少年进行预防抑郁症教育是实施素质教育、促进青少年全面发展、保障青少年身心健康的一项重要工作。教育部、中国国家卫生健康委员会对此高度重视,采取了一系列措施,推进青少年预防抑郁症教育工作。
 

教育部表示,将多渠道推进青少年抑郁症防治工作,包括在试点地区各级党委政府领导下,卫生健康、宣传等部门加强协作,采用多种宣传手段,利用影视、媒体等多种渠道,广泛开展抑郁症科普知识宣传;医疗卫生机构加大抑郁症防治科普宣教力度,拍摄制作专业权威且通俗易懂的抑郁防治科普宣传片,普遍提升公众对抑郁症的认识,减少偏见与歧视;充分发挥专家队伍作用,深入学校、企业、社区、机关等,开展抑郁症相关公益讲座;在公共场所设立或播放抑郁症公益宣传广告,各社区健康教育活动室(卫生服务中心)向居民提供科普宣传资料。要求学校向学生提供咨询检测点的分布和联系方式等信息,引导学生主动寻求咨询检测服务等。

教育部表示,需建立全过程青少年抑郁症防治服务、评估体系。各级医疗卫生机构要规范、持续开展抑郁症防治等相关知识培训。加大对非精神专科医院医师的培训,提高其识别抑郁症的能力。各类体检中心在体检项目中纳入情绪状态评估,供体检人员选用。各高中及高等院校均设置心理辅导(咨询)室和心理健康教育课程,配备心理健康教育教师。

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